IP Forwarding winth a Linux bridge
I maintain a mail server at home, and to get its public IP address, I have a VPN on it (so it is independent on how I connect to the Internet). Recently I decided to update my home network router so I could connect directly to the server (instead of going out to the internet and back in via the VPN). I just added a static route to the public IP to using the private IP as gateway.
The only problem is that on the mail server, in order to be flexible how it is connected to the network, the LAN IP address is configured on a bridge network device where the physical device is part of. There are a few VLAN tricks too.
An ascii-art diagram:
-----[ enp1s0 ]----------------------------------------------- | | [tun0] 188.8.131.52 [ bridge ] 192.168.5.16
When an IP packet with the destination IP set to the public IP
(184.108.40.206 in the diagram) arrives on the physical network, it never gets to
the bridge device. When I tcpdump
enp1s0, I see the packet, when I tcpdump
bridge the packet does not appear.
This is because the bridge address only has the LAN IP address and not the public IP address. Even though I have IP forwarding in place, it does not work.
The trick is to add to
# bridge forward net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables=0 net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=0
And this can only work if the correct kernel module is loaded at boot time:
# /etc/modules-load.d/bridge-forward.conf br_netfilter
Details about bridge configuration
For reference, this is how I configure the bridge with systemd-networkd:
[Match] Name=en* !en*.610 !en*u* [Network] Bridge=bridge [BridgeVLAN] VLAN=1 PVID=1 EgressUntagged=1 [BridgeVLAN] VLAN=610
[NetDev] Name=bridge Kind=bridge [Bridge] DefaultPVID=1 VLANFiltering=yes
[Match] Name=bridge [Network] VLAN=lan VLAN=vlan610 [BridgeVLAN] VLAN=1 [BridgeVLAN] VLAN=610
[NetDev] Name=lan Kind=vlan [VLAN] Id=1
[Match] Name=lan [Network] #DHCP=ipv4 Address=192.168.5.16/24 Gateway=192.168.5.1 DNS=X.X.X.X DNS=X.X.X.X
vlan610.network not shown)